3126. Robert Southey to William Coxe, 25 April 1818
3126. Robert Southey to William Coxe, 25 April 1818 *
You were kind enough once to offer me the use of some papers respecting the expulsion of the Jesuits from South America. I am now arrived at that part of the history of Brazil,  & if you will have the goodness to entrust them to me, thro our common publishers Messrs Longman, they shall be speedily & carefully returned.
I hope the Duke of Marlborough  has only suspended your intention of writing the history of the Portuguese K. Joseph.  Many persons will feel the same hope, but I have a peculiar interest in it; – for I shall soon be preparing an elaborate history of Portugal for the press,  & even tho I should obtain access to the same documents for this portion of the work, it would be a great advantage to me to see in what manner the transactions of that reign had been viewed by an unprejudiced & judicious predecessor.
In the first volume of your Memoirs of the Spanish Bourbons p. 454.  you speak as if the Spaniards had succeeded in the attempt which they made against Nova Colonia do Sacramento 1735.  But the fact is that they were compelled to raise the siege, with far greater loss than they had ever before suffered in that part of the world. Charlevoix hurries over the subject, & yet says enough to show that the attempt was at once disgraceful and disastrous;  – but there is a printed account of the siege by Silvestre Ferreira da Sylva, who was an officer there at the time & he states the loss of the beseigers at nearly 3000 men.  Unimportant as this is in a work like yours, yet I am sure that from your love of accuracy, you will not be displeased at having an error pointed out, so easily corrected in a future edition. 
I have the honour to be
with sincere respect
Yr faithful & obedient servant
Keswick. 25 Apr. 1818.
* MS: National Art Library, London, Sydney Cockerell Collection of Autograph Letters,
MSL/ 195/ 696/ 343. ALS; 2p.
Previously published: C. G. Martin, ‘Robert Southey: Two Unpublished Letters’, Notes and Queries, 17 (1970), 378. BACK
 Chapters 40 and 42 of Southey’s History of Brazil, 3 vols (London, 1810–1819), III, pp. 505–547, 603–617, dealing with the expulsion of the Jesuits from Brazil in 1759 and Paraguay in 1767. BACK
 Coxe’s Memoirs of John Duke of Marlborough, with his Original Correspondence; Collected from the Family Records at Blenheim, and Other Authentic Sources. Illustrated with Portraits, Maps, and Military Plans (1818-1819), reviewed by Southey in Quarterly Review, 23 (May 1820), 1–73. BACK
 Coxe’s Memoirs of the Kings of Spain of the House of Bourbon, 3 vols (London, 1813), I, p. 454, no. 671 in the sale catalogue of Southey’s library. BACK
 The city of Colonia do Sacramento, in modern Uruguay, had been beseiged by Spanish–led forces between October 1735 and September 1737. BACK
 Pierre Francois-Xavier de Charlevoix (1682–1761), Histoire de Paraguay, 3 vols (Paris, 1756), III, pp. 156–157, no. 645 in the sale catalogue of Southey’s library. BACK
 Silvestre Ferreira da Sylva (fl. 1748), Relaçaõ do Sitio, que O Governador de Buenos Aires D. Miguel de Salcedo por no anno de 1735 à Praça da Nova Colonia do Sacramento (Lisbon, 1748), p. 105, no. 3293 in the sale catalogue of Southey’s library. BACK